Incontinence occurs when the muscles controlling bladder or bowel function stop working properly. This results in “leaks” as the patient does not have the muscle strength or endurance to control these body functions. The cause of incontinence can vary, but is usually due to aging, multiple pregnancies, organ prolapse or nerve dysfunction. The treatment received will depend on the type and cause of the incontinence.

Stress incontinence

– occurs when the pressure in the abdomen increases and the pelvic floor muscles are not strong enough to prevent leaking when coughing, laughing, sneezing, exercising or heavy lifting.

Urge incontinence

– occurs when a patient cannot keep urinary control when they feel the urge to urinate. The ability to hold the muscle contraction is lost and results in leaking.

Mixed type incontinence

– This is when both of the above mentioned problems occur together in the same patient